/fpi/file/kimberley-process-factsheet-enjpg_enthe-process-factsheet-en.jpg While the process has been widely praised by groups that have widely applauded human rights in countries previously affected by conflict diamonds, such as Angola, some say it does not go far enough. Amnesty International said: “[We] welcome the Kimberley process as an important step in solving the problem of blood diamonds. But until the diamond trade is subject to mandatory and impartial monitoring, there is still no effective guarantee that all diamonds in the conflict will be identified and withdrawn from the market. The Canadian aid group One Sky (funded in part by the Canadian government) shares Amnesty`s view: “If the Kimberley process is implemented effectively, diamonds cannot be used to finance wars and atrocities… However, in the absence of a system of expert, independent and regular audits of all countries, the whole process remains open to abuse. The founder of the Fatal Transactions Campaign (launched in 1998) criticized the CCP as a legally binding agreement and proposed a review of the system.  The Community`s agreement and action protect societies around the world. For more information, please contact the U.S. Department of State`s Senior Mineral Conflict Advisor and U.S. Kimberley Process Representative at USKimberleyProcess@state.gov. Cooperation helps members have more influence than when they are alone. The Chair oversees the implementation of the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) and the activities of the working groups, committees and administrations that operate the KP. Ahead of this denunciation, the CED unleashed a disturbing television infomercial  that set up internal problems at the forefront of the African diamond industry.
Not only was the show a big boost for CDP, but it proved to be a huge setback for the Kimberley process and ultimately ended De Beers` ascent to the African continent.  Global Witness is a London-based NGO, an important member of the CCP and was one of the first organizations to raise awareness of the diamonds of conflict at the international level.  They explain that a report they wrote, “A Rough Trade,” was a partial source of inspiration for the film Blood Diamond.  The Kimberley process is managed in turn by participating countries. So far, South Africa, Canada, the Russian Federation, Botswana, the European Union, India, Namibia, Israel, the Democratic Republic of Congo, the United States of America, South Africa, the People`s Republic of China, Angola, Australia, the United Arab Emirates and the United Arab Emirates president the PK in 2020. Participating countries and industry and civil society observers meet twice a year in intersession and plenary sessions, as well as in working groups and committees that meet regularly. Implementation is controlled by “audit visits” and annual reports, as well as regular exchange and analysis of statistical data. Today, the Kimberley process has 55 participants representing 82 countries (with the EU2 as the sole participant), representing more than 99% of the world`s rough diamond production and the world trade in rough diamonds.
The KP meets twice a year in an intersessional and plenary session. The presidency is chaired by a participating country on an annual rotating basis. As a consensual body, the KP relies on the constructive engagement of all stakeholders in the tripartite structure. The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) is a process designed to prevent “blood diamonds” or “war diamonds” from entering the diamond market. It is an international certification system designed to regulate the trade in rough diamonds.